Global Warming is heating up the upper 700m of the oceans:
Data from the Argo profiling floats - Source:
Geophysical Research Letters, 2009.
runaway climate change is now a real
of the human race) as
methane is starting to leak
in the arctic,
the sea ice is retreating and the concentration of CO2 continues its way up.
The next 3 pages contain links
about the "Runaway" situation in front of us, if the forces of
nature takes over.
The graph above is evidence of Global
Warming, but other major changes can
suddenly show up if e.g. "Superwaves"
from the galactic center hits the earth.
The Climate used to
limits if we are looking 3 million years back.
Those limits may now be broken - hopeful not like
55 million, 251 million and
635 million years ago.
Present CO2 and methane levels are running
compared to the deepest layers of
CO2 emitted to the atmosphere will stay there for
centuries but 20-60% remain airborne for
several thousand years.
100% CO2 cut tomorrow will not remove the danger of
Dimming the Sun is masking the problem -
Global Dimming makes warming much worse.
|| Solar average Irradiance in W/m2
is between 1365 and 1367.
It means nearly constant solar
up to 2005. ( 0.1 % variation )
Locally dimming from polluting clouds may
be offset by cleaner air in other regions.
The number of sunspots were 0 in late
2008 and in the beginning of 2009,
but we did not get an "Ice Winter"
| Even 0 in
number is not important.
Zero over several decades may contribute more.
Humans are now in charge of Climate Change, for better or
The facts are
not communicated in clear speech.
World Is a Bit of a Time Bomb".
But worse - we are already
out of time.
The new "methane
is not understood.
Are you ready to be fossilized ?
- or do we limit CO2 to a safe level [
The Earth's 6th Great Mass Extinction is Occurring as You
A proper discussion is partly derailed by myths explained further in
collection 2, but
should be handled in a rationale way
Random change in the weather is different from a sustained change of the climate.
Air temperature tells only little about the climate. It tells more about
upwelling cold water from the deep oceans
(El Nino/Southern Oscillation)
alternating the surface temperature.
The cooling and heat capacity of the deep oceans delays a rapid warming. That
precious time given to us by the ocean
must be used
wisely as we are now running on "borrowed time".
CO2 concentration and Temperature oscillates together through
time driven very precisely,
like a pacemaker,
by changes in the earths orbit
around the sun.
This time a very high spike of CO2 is added by human activities, and it is pulling the temperature
out of the
normal range, but after a delay as it takes time to heat up the oceans.
It is like turning on an
electric stove for heating water.
That heating is now
verified by instruments
placed in the oceans - at least in the upper part of the oceans.
We need measurements from every corner of the oceans to get the facts without
Publishing the total number of global warming every week in Joules or Watt per
square meter is needed to keep track
of what is going on, to stop destructive arguing and to work together for
solving the problems.
Some instrumental problems has been solved -
Global ocean heat content 1955–2008.
Ocean warming amplifies
the melting of artic
sea-ice what heats up the oceans even more, what
melts more ice - an amplifying feed back loop.
Unstoppable and irreversible Climate Change
is now a very serious
beside the nuclear.
economy involved is also taking the front seat.
than 350ppm CO2 in the atmosphere is
Killing Our Oceans.
set very low and easy to reach CO2 targets is a beginning - every small bit
count - but the scale of the problem has to be
understood as well as the
present Level of Carbon Dioxide, else the risk is very
high like driving fast in the fog. Something not seen in time may turn up and
hit extremely hard.
before the present "overheating" does too much damage to the CO2 sinks.
Why are we "driving in the fog ?"
- Why do only very few care about the
lifetime of CO2 in the air ?
Go behind the numbers as e.g. explained by the Carbon Cycle on the next page.
Why is the public not informed about what has the longest lifetime, nuclear
radioactive waste or CO2 in the air ?
scared to speak out ?
news media are not sufficiently addressing the severity of climate change.
abrupt climate change is very difficult to
Climate Change gathers pace faster than many scientists
expected but very few explain in plain language that it means that
the human population is walking into a minefield.
Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
explain a little about why - it is strange as there is plenty of clean energy
nearly for free.
More education is needed on
Tipping Points and feedbacks.
The "forces of nature" are demonstrated in
Records of abrupt climate events in the recent history,
but we have to go millions of years back to find a similar threat as the one
ahead of us.
350 ppm CO2
the atmosphere may be a safe level. If so, we have to aim for the target and use new technology
to reach it
ocean can no longer buffer the effects of CO2.
The present food chain in the oceans can not survive
more than 350ppm CO2
in the atmosphere.
More warming is in the pipeline from the extra CO2 stored in the atmosphere
during the last 50 years.
Feedback loops do
amplify that heating.
Rapid climate change is now a threat, it
Abrupt Climate Change.
That change will be huge
methane is released from the
The red vertical part of the
Carbon Dioxide curve below from last century will rise further in this century.
It can be devastating
as it will pull up the blue temperature curve.
The last 10 000 years,
Holocene, did have a
stable climate - a short moment in earths history with some cooling from
in earths orbit around the sun balanced by a little rise in CO2. It is now replaced by a little
orbit change warming during the next
30 000 years and the horrible spike in the red curve.
CO2 can be injected into the atmosphere like the red spike above, but to get it
out takes time. Some can be removed during
the first 200 years, but the rest takes
thousands of years
new solutions turn up in time.
Smaller "CO2 spikes" are normally reduced by
natural weathering, but humans are releasing far too much.
CO2 alone is a problem, but
we have to add all the other amplifying elements to describe the real threat.
Clathrates or methane hydrate may not be well known yet, but it will be.
Take a look on fig.1. to see when it becomes unstable.
The fast change in
ecosystems may also not be well known, but it will be when the bill has to
No plant CO2 relief in warm world. No relief from
Historical data about the rise in Sea
Level may also be new to many. "Delivery" takes place with a delay, and
we are sending new orders each year that will add up to a devastating amount in
sea level rise when delivered.
Where do we stop on the
scale of damage
If the temperature
keep on going up
and enter a
"run away mode",
it will speed up and not stop when we reach year 2100.
The unstoppable temperature will climb beyond
+6°C pulled by the amplifying
feedback elements listed on the next page.
underline the gravity.
Methane starts to leak
- it is a
Huge areas with
permafrost is already melting but so far slowly. A little higher temperature and we can say
Bye-Bye, West Antarctic Ice
Imagining the real life on a
- to allow the temperature to rise further is to play
The heat is switched on after a 3 million year chilly period - we are
heading for "hot house", a more common state in earths history.
without ice on Antarctica but
temperatures at the
Do we really want the earth to flip back to "Hot
House" - - - -
History tells us a little about
what to expect.
show that changes could come fast.
There is no room for both a higher CO2
level and a higher temperature as they amplify each other.
This time we get no help from "earth orbit change cooling" as in earlier warm
periods between ice-ages.
predicts the near future, but the
next page tells
the real danger, if we do not stop now.
stopping the temperature, we may end up like
55 million, 251 million
Understand the risk.
If most people do understand the
danger, it will get first priority among politicians.
We need knowledge, first priority and action - do not let
late be the final word.
Humans are now controlling Climate Change like
the crew in the cockpit of an aeroplane.
If there is serious problems, the captain do not leave the cockpit saying - it
is too late.
He and the rest of the crew does the uttermost during an emergency landing.
can solve it
- but time is up.
facing up to climate change crisis is a crime.
A boarder overview requires an understanding of the driving forces
TEACH-IN WEB CAST -
Old thick ice becomes thinner.
Climate change and trace gases.
National Academy of Sciences
1 hour video lecture tells why CO2 is so important including comments on
generation nuclear low waste power plants.
Lecture by Dr Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the